This large, stout salamander may reach lengths of 6-7 inches. They are bright red in color and have extensive black spotting on the back and sides. Individuals become darker with age and spots may fuse together to make the salamander appear purplish.
Red salamanders are found throughout wooded areas of the Piedmont and Blue Ridge Mountains of North Carolina.
By evolving bright red coloration similar to that of the extremely toxic red eft, the red salamander benefits from the fact that many predators have learned to avoid bright red salamanders. The red salamanders is also somewhat toxic itself, which helps to reinforce this avoidance behavior in predators.
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